When someone pleads "not guilty" to a criminal matter eg Common Assault, Assault to cause grevious bodily harm, is provocation or diminished responsibility common? Is there a difference between provocation and diminished responsibility if anyone knows? Or other defences like intoxication or stress (e.g, suffered spousal abuse and a wife hits her husband and breaks his nose in a verbal argument, but claims she has suffered years of domestic violence and abuse (assault and battery) both verbal and physical). If the other party is found to have provoked the assault, can they then be found guilty of "Provocation" and get a criminal record, or a jail sentence? Just trying to understand the elements of criminal law within the NSW Crimes Act, or any other State or Territory in Australia.