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Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.
When something is private to a person, it usually means that something is inherently special or sensitive to them. The domain of privacy partially overlaps with security, which can include the concepts of appropriate use, as well as protection of information. Privacy may also take the form of bodily integrity. The right not to be subjected to unsanctioned invasions of privacy by the government, corporations or individuals is part of many countries' privacy laws, and in some cases, constitutions.
In the business world, a person may volunteer personal details, including for advertising, in order to receive some sort of benefit. Public figures may be subject to rules on the public interest. Personal information which is voluntarily shared but subsequently stolen or misused can lead to identity theft.
The concept of universal individual privacy is a modern concept primarily associated with Western culture, British and North American in particular, and remained virtually unknown in some cultures until recent times. Most cultures, however, recognize the ability of individuals to withhold certain parts of their personal information from wider society, such as closing the door to one's home.

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    QLD Is the real estate agency invading my privacy asking about personal transactions on my bank statement?

    Hi, my real estate agency has asked for bank statements to confirm my income which I’ve happily provided but now they are questioning individual personal transactions I have made that is not income or large expenses. Surely this is a privacy invasion. What laws protect me from being asked these...
  2. A

    QLD Posting opinion and information about individuals in private online community

    Hi, I have checked some other questions and believe this one is a little different. If not apologies! Headline There is a private online community that allows individuals to shared details about people who have contacted them (but not on the platform). Contact information posted is initial...
  3. A

    NSW Privacy Question Re Baptisimal Register

    Hi All I have requested that the Catholic Church (local diocese) remove my name/de identify my name in their baptismal register. So far, they have vehemently refused citing Canon Law. I have spoken to OAIC, who are working with them, albeit slowly due to their workload and this issue seems to...
  4. S

    NSW Defendant's right to privacy during court proceedings and post-conviction?

    Hi, I was just wondering whether a defendant's personal information is made available to the press by the court when they are undergoing a trial or post-conviction? In particular, their family information (the name of their wife or children?) I've googled and can't find anything. It seems...
  5. philip_rhoades

    NSW Legal process prevented by Privacy Laws

    People, I want to submit an application to the local court for a Noise Abatement Order (under section 268 of the Protection of the Environment Administration Act 1991) but I am prevented from doing so because I don't know the respondent's last name. Neither the Real Estate Agent, the Strata...
  6. L

    WA Defamation and privacy on social media

    Can a third party post on facebook one side of a conversation, at the same time revealing that persons name and mobile number? Then defame their character by making many accusations (which are out of context because only one side of the text conversation is being revealed and their views of...
  7. M

    VIC The Privacy Act 1988

    Hi guys, I have a tricky question - To register a Federal political party, you need to provide the AEC a list of 550 members. The AEC check those names against the electoral role, and ensure they are all not members of other parties etc. The AEC refused our application because they stated that...
  8. B

    Protection of privacy of new wife against demands of contact details from ex-wife

    In the context of parenting matters, is it legal for my ex-partner to demand that I provide the private mobile phone number of my new wife who is not implicated in any wrong-doing and is not a party in the case?
  9. Azure

    Tort Law - Privacy problems

    Hi everyone, I'd like to know how the tort law (privacy problems) are connected with tech companies, such as social media platforms. May someone explains to me the way these companies can bypass the tort law? Regards, Azure
  10. J

    VIC Privacy - Appealing a decision made by Tribunal

    Appeal can only be based on the question of Law. Does the question of law arise when decision-maker is driven by erroneous assumptions about the case?