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The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a constitutional federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Nine time zones are covered. The geography, climate and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse.
At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2) and with over 324 million people, the United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area, third-largest by land area, and the third-most populous. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, and is home to the world's largest immigrant population. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city is New York City; nine other major metropolitan areas—each with at least 4.5 million inhabitants and the largest having more than 13 million people—are Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Philadelphia, Miami, Atlanta, Boston, and San Francisco.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the Seven Years' War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775. On July 4, 1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the colonies unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence. The war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, adopted in 1781, were felt to have provided inadequate federal powers. The first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties.
The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, displacing American Indian tribes, acquiring new territories, and gradually admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of legal slavery in the country. By the end of that century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean, and its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power. The United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The U.S. is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States (OAS), and other international organizations.
The United States is a highly developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP. It ranks highly in several measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, and productivity per person. While the U.S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. Though its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the United States accounts for nearly a quarter of world GDP and over a third of global military spending, making it the world's foremost economic and military power. The United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.

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  1. T

    QLD USA Patent

    Hi, I am designing a product and there is something similar that is getting patent in the USA. Tghe product is a knife with changeable blades. The design is similar but not the same, if they have a patent in USA does that count in Australia? Or is there someone or somewhere I can show my design...
  2. U

    QLD Australian Citizen with Overseas (USA) Felony Conviction

    I am an Australian citizen who was sentened to a 90-day term of imprisonment for dangerous driving in the USA approximately 6 years ago. In the USA it was classified as a felony. My questions are: 1. Will this USA felony show up on a National Police Check in Australia? 2. I am getting married...
  3. N

    VIC Boomers v USA Basketball - Misleading Advertising? Right to Refund?

    Hello everyone, First post here. I recently (a few months ago) bought tickets to the upcoming Boomers versus USA basketball team matchup in Melbourne. Through marketing they have been advertising the biggest Names in world basketball and pictures of players who are now not coming. They...
  4. robs132

    NSW Chargeback or Refund from Business Mentor in USA?

    Hello I recently signed up for a business mentor and I don't think the service is doing a good job. I paid ~$15k for coaching and they are based out of USA. They do not want to give a refund. Is it possible to do a chargeback? What are my options? Thanks! (PS. I just posted this under consumer...
  5. robs132

    NSW Chargeback or Refund from Business Mentor in USA?

    Hello I recently signed up for a business mentor and I don\'t think the service is doing a good job. I paid ~$15k for coaching and they are based out of USA. They do not want to give a refund. Is it possible to do a chargeback? What are my options? Thanks!
  6. J

    WA FVRO and United States visa

    My ex is considering withdrawing the FVRO and going with an undertaking. The police mentioned to me that a VRO, whilst not being a criminal conviction, may affect me getting a visa for the USA. For sports reasons, I need to go to the USA. This was mentioned to my ex who is seeking more...
  7. H

    USA travel & esta with old assault charge

    Looking to go to Hawaii with my parents at Easter next year, however before booking tickets want to clarify my dad can actually go!o_O He has an "Unlawful Assault" conviction from 1970 when he was 18, he paid a fine, no jail time and nothing since. It came up on a police check a few years ago...
  8. J

    NSW Tourist travel to the USA

    Hi I am inquiring whether I have to answer yes to the Crimes of Moral Turpitude question on the Visa waiver program questionnaire? Long story short. I got into trouble about 10 years ago and was charged with some offences, including aggravated assault, malicious damage to property and...
  9. R

    QLD Can I get a temporary U.S. visa that I can work on?

    Can I get a temporary visa that I can work on? I am an Australian citizen and my fiance is an American citizen. I'm going to live with her in America. I've been told that an H-2B visa might be best for me, but I don't think I'm eligible. Any ideas? Thanks!
  10. Blackheartrambler

    NSW Hit by car in US (Texas) last year. Do I need a personal injury lawyer with US knowledge?

    So I was hit and run by a car last year while I was over there working. There is apparently a victims of crime compensation they told me about in US hospital and need to have someone look into my client's public library. Have broken spine, both legs, liver, etc. Is there anyone in Sydney with...