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India, officially the Republic of India (Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, and Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture. Much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate; the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947.
In 2015, the Indian economy was the world's seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

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    NSW Bridging Visa B refusal - Travelling to India in mid December - Kindly advise

    My mother's Tourist visa (600) is under processing. She is on Bridging Visa A. We are going to India in mid December. I applied for Bridging Visa B so that she can leave Australia in December and re-enter in Australia. However, the Bridging Visa B has been refused. The processing officer was not...
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    WA Muslim Divorce in India

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  3. Aarti Patel

    SA Other/General Law Forum

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    NSW NOC for Register Marriage In India

    I am an Australian Citizen with OCI. I am getting married to my fiance who has Indian Citizenship. In order to do register marriage in India I need to get NOC for my current marriage status. VFS doesn't provide this service. Please advise where I can get the NOC from.
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    WA Pending Case in India - Can I File for Divorce in Australia?

    Hi, My brother is an Indian born Australian citizen. He got married to an Indian girl in India, and lived together in Australia for 7 years, but the things didn't work well between them and she filed for separation and later withdrew it at the last moment stating she doesn’t want to get...
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    VIC Tourist Marry in India divorce applied for in Australia

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    WA Is Australian Divorce valid in India?

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    VIC Divorce of overseas married couple in Victoria, Australia

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