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A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary. Government is a means by which organizational policies are enforced, as well as a mechanism for determining policy. Each government has a kind of constitution, a statement of its governing principles and philosophy. Typically the philosophy chosen is some balance between the principle of individual freedom and the idea of absolute state authority (tyranny).
While all types of organizations have governance, the word government is often used more specifically to refer to the approximately 200 independent national governments on Earth, as well as subsidiary organizations.Historically prevalent forms of government include monarchy, aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, theocracy and tyranny. The main aspect of any philosophy of government is how political power is obtained, with the two main forms being electoral contest and hereditary succession.
Libertarianism and anarchism are political ideologies that seek to limit or abolish government, finding government disruptive to self organization and freedom.

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  1. J

    Disability Discrimination Law/Local Government Law

    I see that there are no sub-forums that would deal directly with my problem. The following post is very long for which I am sorry, but I feel the need to provide as much information as possible. I have a matter currently before the Australian Human Rights Commission(AHRC) involving myself/97...
  2. S

    SA Public footpath across government land question

    We have a footpath running around the edge of a school oval on SA Education Dept land. The school is fenced off to the public but the oval is not. Local residents use the oval out of school hours and they also use the footpath day and night to access shops, etc and also walk dogs along it. This...
  3. G

    Adverse Possession of unused government land

    We have a house that has about 30sqm of land within our fence line that was owned by State Rail NSW. The fence has been up since before we bought the property in 1997. We have a clothes line, paving and garden on the area and have used it without interruption since we purchased the property. It...
  4. H

    VIC Holding a Government Minister to Account

    Hello, this is my first post and I may have it in the wrong place, but here goes: I have identified a problem with the Aged Care Act 1997 (Commonwealth). It creates, and discriminates against, an underclass of elderly. People in Residential Aged Care Facilities that are titled "Flexible Care"...
  5. A

    VIC Government Agencies / Authorities

    Are there any exemptions offered to government or government agencies when carrying out administration duties?