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Tasmania (/tæzˈmeɪniə/;, abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as "Tassie") is an island state of the Commonwealth of Australia. It is located 240 km (150 mi) to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by Bass Strait. The state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, and the surrounding 334 islands. The state has a population of around 519,100 (as of June 2016), just over forty percent of which resides in the Greater Hobart precinct, which forms the metropolitan area of the state capital and largest city, Hobart.
Tasmania's area is 68,401 km2 (26,410 sq mi), of which the main island covers 64,519 km2 (24,911 sq mi). Tasmania is promoted as a natural state; almost 45% of Tasmania lies in reserves, national parks, and World Heritage Sites and the state was the founding place of the first environmental party in the world. Though an island state, due to a mapping error the state shares a land border with Victoria at its northernmost terrestrial point, Boundary Islet, a nature reserve in Bass Strait. The Bishop and Clerk Islets, about 37 km south of Macquarie Island, are the southernmost terrestrial point of the state of Tasmania, and the southernmost internationally recognised land in Australia.
The island is believed to have been occupied by Aboriginals for 40,000 years before British colonisation. It is thought Tasmanian Aboriginals were separated from the mainland Aboriginal groups about 10,000 years ago when the sea rose to form Bass Strait. The Aboriginal population was estimated to have been between 3,000 and 7,000 at the time of colonisation, but was almost wiped out within 30 years by a combination of violent guerrilla conflict with settlers known as the "Black War", intertribal conflict, and from the late 1820s, the spread of infectious diseases to which they had no immunity. The conflict, which peaked between 1825 and 1831 and led to more than three years of martial law, cost the lives of almost 1100 Aboriginals and settlers. The near-destruction of Tasmania's Aboriginal population has been described by some historians as an act of genocide by the British.
The state was created in 1803 as a penal settlement of the British Empire to prevent claims to the land by the First French Empire during the Napoleonic Wars; around 75,000 convicts were sent to Van Diemen's Land before transportation ceased in 1853. The island was initially part of the Colony of New South Wales, but became a separate, self-governing colony under the name Van Diemen's Land (named after Anthony van Diemen) in 1825. In 1854 the present Constitution of Tasmania was passed and the following year the state received permission to change its name to Tasmania. In 1901 it became a state through the process of the Federation of Australia.

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  1. A

    TAS Unregistered electric cable underground

    Does anyone know of what you can do if you discover an unregistered electric cable running underground across your land supplying someone else with electricity? There is no easement, it is not registered. How to get rid of it without paying for relocation of it?
  2. BWeekes

    Can uncle take house of grandchild after grandparent guardians death

    Hello. This is a question regarding estate and wills in Tasmania. My partner and her younger brother, who is a minor, were raised by her grandmother. She moved out three years ago to care for her unwell mother, who passed away shortly afterwards. Her brother still lives with her grandmother...
  3. C

    TAS Supreme Court Sentencing - Retrial Expiry

    Was found guilty and sentenced to 2 years wholly suspended (1st offence). This time as been served. Legal aid said not guilty due to reasons of insanity was pretty much a slam dunk. Wording by a forensic psychiatrist was heavily scrutinised by the jury and found that it was not enough to count...
  4. S

    TAS Rat Issue in Property

    My tenants are saying that a rat has eaten our carpet and their lounge suite. While the carpet is our responsibility to fix I don't believe that the lounge suite is. Am I correct?
  5. K

    TAS Caught Shoplifting or committing fraud

    Hi guys, Recently, my boyfriend (20) who’s from Melbourne thought it was a bright idea to go to Hobart, Tasmania and commit fraud or shoplifting. His “friends” and himself do this thing where they fiddle with the eftpos machine until it says approved & requires a signature to allow the...
  6. A

    TAS obtaining probate in tasmania

    obtaining probate in tasmania
  7. M

    TAS Tasmania Question on Life Interest Property

    What rights do I have in a residential property which has been willed to me as a Life Interest.. ? It was bequeathed by my late Husband and I held ownership with him as a Tenant In Common.? We purchased the property together in 2008 and he passed away in 2010. Do the Remainderment (Adults)...