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A mother is the female parent of a child. Mothers are women who inhabit or perform the role of bearing some relation to their children, who may or may not be their biological offspring. Thus, dependent on the context, women can be considered mothers by virtue of having given birth, by raising their child(ren), supplying their ovum for fertilisation, or some combination thereof. Such conditions provide a way of delineating the concept of motherhood, or the state of being a mother. Women who meet the third and first categories usually fall under the terms 'birth mother' or 'biological mother', regardless of whether the individual in question goes on to parent their child. Accordingly, a woman who meets only the second condition may be considered an adoptive mother, and those who meet only the first or only the third a surrogacy mother.
An adoptive mother is a female who has become the child's parent through the legal process of adoption. A biological mother is the female genetic contributor to the creation of the infant, through sexual intercourse or egg donation. A biological mother may have legal obligations to a child not raised by her, such as an obligation of monetary support. A putative mother is a female whose biological relationship to a child is alleged but has not been established. A stepmother is a female who is the wife of a child's father and they may form a family unit, but who generally does not have the legal rights and responsibilities of a parent in relation to the child.
The above concepts defining the role of mother are neither exhaustive nor universal, as any definition of 'mother' may vary based on how social, cultural, and religious roles are defined. The parallel conditions and terms for males: those who are (typically biologically) fathers do not, by definition, take up the role of fatherhood. Motherhood and fatherhood are not limited to those who are or have parented. Women who are pregnant may be referred to as expectant mothers or mothers-to-be, though such applications tend to be less readily applied to (biological) fathers or adoptive parents. The process of becoming a mother has been referred to as "matrescence".The adjective "maternal" refers to a mother and comparatively to "paternal" for a father. The verb "to mother" means to procreate or to sire a child from which also derives the noun "mothering". Related terms of endearment are mom (mama, mommy), mum, mumsy, mamacita (ma, mam) and mammy. A female role model that children can look up to is sometimes referred to as a mother-figure.

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    Tenants in Common in Equal Shares to buy out share - Mother & Daughter Dispute

    I am a tenant-in-common in equal shares of property in Sydney with my daughter. The property was purchased in March 2005 and is presently unencumbered. The purchase price was over $700K. My daughter left the property in May 2005. My daughter’s ex-boyfriend was the mortgage broker and insisted on...
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    VIC Child care agreement breach by mother having the custody

    Hello, Legal experts out there. I humbly request guidance in the case of one parent getting rigid to change the child care agreement according to her way in Victoria. Please help as it is causing unnecessary stress. As per the family court agreement settled two years ago and being followed...
  4. C

    Step Parents

    Hi, wondering if anyone can help locate cases where a step-parent has been awarded ‘parental responsibility’ of a child in a 3 way court case? I am having trouble locating under what grounds this can occur, having regard for that person being a person concerned with the care and welfare of a...
  5. A

    QLD Mother intend to hide child's heath information

    Hi, My stepson's mother would not forward the covid test result to us. She told us that kid showed symptoms yesterday and they went test the result is negtive. I don't believe the result came out that quick. She refused to offer any information about where they did test or which clinical and...
  6. L

    SA Tricky Mother has had Daughter Assessed for Autism

    Thank you for answering my questions. This is a tricky situation, the mother of the child (daughter) has paid for a autism assessment in which she has lied and stated the father has no contact or involvement with the child. The mother has signed a legal contract stating this to the...
  7. H

    WA Do I have a case against my mother in law trying to push my to commit suicide?

    I am still very traumatized by what my mother in law and husband did to me in 2016. But mainly by what my mother in law did. My mother in law was verbally very abusive to me just 1 week after I left the hospital for feeling suicidal for the first time ever. And she knew that the hospital...
  8. B

    NSW Adding father to birth certificate if mother refuses

    The mother of my child doesn't want me to have any rights (she told me like that). How can I add my name to the birth certificate as her biological father?
  9. B

    NSW Mother doesn't let me see the Paternity test results

    My ex-girlfriends had a baby in October last year. During the whole pregnancy she stated it was mine. Few weeks before the child's birth she told me is not mine. I requested a paternity test, which was done. But the clinic sent the result to her and now she is refusing to show me the results...
  10. A

    Mother refuses access to child to increase child support

    Hey guys, I'm looking for some supporting case law or acts that can help out this particular case in favour of the father. Details are: The father had 50:50 shared custody until 11year old daughter had a moody week and wanted to stay with the mum for a while. Father cooperated to give the...