Australia's #1 for Law
Join 150,000 Australians every month. Ask a question, respond to a question and better understand the law today!
FREE - Join Now
Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors. It differs from broadcast television in that the signal is not openly transmitted, though it may employ point to point (P2P), point to multipoint (P2MP), or mesh wired or wireless links. Though almost all video cameras fit this definition, the term is most often applied to those used for surveillance in areas that may need monitoring such as bars, banks, casinos, schools, hotels, airports, hospitals, restaurants, military installations, convenience stores and other areas where security is needed. Videotelephony is seldom called "CCTV" but the use of video in distance education, where it is an important tool, is often so called.
Surveillance of the public using CCTV is common in many areas around the world. In recent years, the use of body worn video cameras has been introduced as a new form of surveillance. Video surveillance has generated significant debate about balancing its use with individuals' right to privacy even when in public.
In industrial plants, CCTV equipment may be used to observe parts of a process from a central control room, for example when the environment is not suitable for humans. CCTV systems may operate continuously or only as required to monitor a particular event. A more advanced form of CCTV, utilizing digital video recorders (DVRs), provides recording for possibly many years, with a variety of quality and performance options and extra features (such as motion detection and email alerts). More recently, decentralized IP cameras, some equipped with megapixel sensors, support recording directly to network-attached storage devices, or internal flash for completely stand-alone operation.
There are about 350 million surveillance cameras worldwide as of 2016. About 65% of these cameras are installed in Asia. The growth of CCTV has been slowing in recent years.

View More On
  1. L

    VIC Third Party Access to CCTV footage - nonconsensual

    I was filmed in a private home (not mine), unbeknownst to me this film was accessed by a third party. The owner of the private home gave the access code for the CCTV cameras to the third party. Owner did not let me know a third party had access to the cameras. I did know that the cameras...
  2. P

    Neighbour's CCTV covering our living area and backyard

    Hi Our backyard neighbours have setup a CCTV camera that covers not only their backyard but covers full of our living area and kitchen apart from our backyard. When I talk to him first he said he will do the reposition but I dont see any genuine attempt from him, each time I ask for an update he...
  3. D

    WA Caught at Self-Checkout for Theft at Coles - Help?

    Hi, Recently, I did something very stupid, which I am ashamed of. I was using the self-check out at Coles and I put a few items through as cheap vegetables about 25$ amount. The rest of items I paid for my total came to about $30. As I was leaving, one of the workers asked to see my receipt. I...
  4. K

    QLD Privacy and Workplace Surveillance - What Privacy Laws Apply?

    My workplace has in-store CCTV installed to monitor customers and staff for security and performance monitoring. All staff are aware of the camera's presence and there is signage to make customers aware also. There are no cameras in bathrooms but there are cameras in our break room. Our...
  5. B

    NSW CCTV cameras in yard

    i have recently installed cctv cameras around my home due to a verbally abusive neighbour. The cameras are covering my yard and side of house where my children play. They cover partial amounts of my neighbours front yard. My children have been constantly abused every time they go out to play in...
  6. R

    NSW Planning Litigation for r**e at Bond University?

    I would like to pay for a few hours of advice in order to plan litigation if there is a cause of action. My story has been hard for me to recount because retelling it makes me cry and vomit, in a devastated frozen state that lasts whole days. I get flashbacks and I feel it is still happening...
  7. A

    QLD Sue DOH Neighbours for Damages?

    Our neighbours are DOH tenants who have repeatedly displayed antisocial behaviour. They've damaged our property, sworn at us, and if they're not screaming at each other, they have their music up so loud our windows rattle. We've been complaining for 16 months, and have diaries with CCTV footage...
  8. Y

    Cctv fotage and lncident letter of the accused

    Is cctv fotage and letter of incident is a solid evidence?the accused is the employee of the store,they really dont caught in act after 2 days of incident they review the fotage but they dont have the the letter the employee said that he done it,what will happen to the employee?
  9. S

    VIC Bullied Whistle Blower of Child Exploitation Boss - What to Do?

    Hi there. First time posting. I wish to take legal proceedings against my workplace after a series of events which escalated severely after I reported a lower management level supervisor (aged in his fifties) for showing me child pornography and clearly detailing his sexual dealings with...
  10. H

    NSW Shoplifting Issue a Month Ago - What to Do?

    I was caught shoplifting a month ago and now someone from the company wants to discuss the accident. What should I do? Does he know? But its been a month and I haven't really gone back to work anymore. He wants to talk with me. Should I meet him? Please help. And let me know my rights. Obviously...