Australia's #1 for Law
Join 150,000 Australians every month. Ask a question, respond to a question and better understand the law today!
FREE - Join Now
A camera is an optical instrument used to record images. At their most basic, cameras are sealed boxes (the camera body) with a small hole (the aperture) that let light in to capture an image on a light-sensitive surface (usually photographic film or a digital sensor). Cameras have various mechanisms to control how the light falls onto the light-sensitive surface. Lenses focus the light entering the camera, the size of the aperture can be widened or narrowed to let more or less light into the camera, and a shutter mechanism determines the amount of time the photo-sensitive surface is exposed to the light.
The still image camera is the main instrument in the art of photography and captured images may be reproduced later as a part of the process of photography, digital imaging, photographic printing. The similar artistic fields in the moving image camera domain are film, videography, and cinematography.
The word camera comes from camera obscura, which means "dark chamber" and is the Latin name of the original device for projecting an image of external reality onto a flat surface. The modern photographic camera evolved from the camera obscura. The functioning of the camera is very similar to the functioning of the human eye. The first permanent photograph was made in 1825 by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce.

View More On
  1. C

    SA Camera on house overlooks school property and students

    I have a cctv camera installed on my house (suburb in Adelaide) and it views the maintenance area of the private school next door. It also captures when people and students walk through that area. I think legally this is not an issue. The school has asked me to reposition the camera but I want...
  2. P

    QLD Wrong rego on speed camera inringement notice.

    Hello. I have received a speeding camera infringement notice with the wrong rego in the photo compared to the vehicle's rego I was actually driving at the time of the alleged offence. Would I get off, if I contest this? Thank you for your time.
  3. F

    NSW Ranting caught on security camera audio

    My verbally abusive ex showed up to my house. He knows that I have a security camera that records video and audio constantly, as I have informed him of this several times in the past. He was at my front door saying some emotionally abusive things to our seven-year-old daughter. Our daughter was...
  4. Dil

    VIC Overhead speed signs

    Overhead sign is 40 on the M80 .I pass that doing 40 .Then speed up as i can see 100 in the distance. But there is a fixed camera under the overpass before I get to the 100 .What happens in this case ?
  5. Gammon

    QLD Body Camera

    Hello, I work night shift. There is an increasing level of situations, that have made me fear for my safety and also require an accurate description of an event that has taken place. Can I wear a body Camera whilst on the job. My job is Garbage collection all throughout the streets of the CBD...
  6. N

    QLD 2 1/2 year old infringement.

    Hello, I am wondering if there is any time limit for the police to issue infringement notices as I have just received an infringement from 30 months ago. It was a red light camera infringement and it appears that I have driven through it when the wrong light changed. Thank you.
  7. S

    NSW Who owns copyright in home videos filmed with someone else's camera at their request?

    Hypothetical scenario: Person A and Person B are parents watching their kids play soccer on the weekend. Person A pulls out a video camera and asks person B 'would you mind filming the game, as I have to help on the BBQ?' Person B says 'yep, no worries' and films the game on Person A's camera...
  8. R

    Camera Speeding Fine - NSW - School Zone

    Hi all, I recently had a fine for speeding in a school zone and im not sure if it would stay on my criminal record qnd if so for how long. Can someone please help me answer this question. Thanks
  9. Dave_

    QLD Vitronic Speed Camera </= 4 lanes of traffic

    Hi, I have a speeding fine in Queensland from a vehicle mounted Vitronic Laser camera. I have looked on the manufacturers web site and it says it can monitor less than or equal to 4 lanes of traffic. The van was on the other side of the road, between us was 2m of grass, 2 lanes of traffic...
  10. J

    NSW Body worn camera footage

    Are police required to have their body worn on all of the time or just when it suits them?