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In law, a legal person is any person or 'thing' (less ambiguously, any legal entity) that can do the things an everyday person can usually do in law – such as enter into contracts, sue and be sued, own property, and so on. The reason for the term "legal person" is that some legal persons are not people: companies and corporations are "persons" legally speaking (they can legally do most of the things an ordinary person can do), but they are clearly not people in the ordinary sense.
There are therefore two kinds of legal entities: human and non-human. In law, a human person is called a natural person (sometimes also a physical person), and a non-human person is called a juridical person (sometimes also a juridic, juristic, artificial, legal, or fictitious person, Latin: persona ficta).
Juridical persons are entities such as corporations, firms (in some jurisdictions), and many government agencies. They are treated in law as if they were persons.While natural persons acquire legal personality "naturally", simply by being born (or before that, in some jurisdictions), juridical persons must have legal personality conferred on them by some "unnatural", legal process, and it is for this reason that they are sometimes called "artificial" persons. In the most common case (incorporating a business), legal personality is usually acquired by registration with a government agency set up for the purpose. In other cases it may be by primary legislation: an example is the Charity Commission in the UK. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 16 advocates for the provision of legal identity for all, including birth registration by 2030 as part of the 2030 Agenda.As legal personality is a prerequisite to legal capacity (the ability of any legal person to amend (enter into, transfer, etc.) rights and obligations), it is a prerequisite for an international organization to be able to sign international treaties in its own name.
The term "legal person" can be ambiguous because it is often used as a synonym of terms that refer only to non-human legal entities, specifically in contradistinction to "natural person".

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  1. anycolouryoulike

    Dispute with body Corporate about servicing of roller shutter gates

    Hi, I habe the following case: An incident happened where a car drove to the Underground Carpark of a semi commercial/residential building. While driving through, the gate came down and got damaged. Only minor damage on the car. The car owner claims the roller shutters are faulty and because...
  2. C

    NSW Body corporate incurring debt

    I have had body corporates incurring debt in my name for works in my units without consulting me and then making out I owe them money. Most of it is really whacky stuff they cant even explain. I do not live at either property. Can they incur debt in my name without my authority
  3. philip_rhoades

    If a tenant continues to ignore NSW noise laws and Body Corporate By-laws, who is then responsible? - the unit owner or the real estate agent?

    People, I think there is not much more to add to the Subject except that it is not possible for another resident to take local court action unless the full name of the offensive person is known - which in this case it is not - and the real-estate agent refuses to supply the name due to privacy...
  4. M

    Body Corporate- Repairs/Issues

    Needing some guidance in regards to our rights as owners of a holiday unit managed by body corporate who we pay a $5000 yearly fee. Our Unit is a holiday rental that is managed by a local property management agency. We have had a reoccurring leaks, caused by rain, that our body corporate have...
  5. waikit

    VIC Body Corporate demanding fly screen down.

    Hi, I am asking on behalf of my auntie. My auntie had installed a fly screen facing out side her main entrance. She lives in an apartment with body corporate. Her body corporate demanding her to take it down for reason being "did not have pre-approval from the board and the fly screen apparently...
  6. N

    QLD Body corporate stickered my car

    I was visiting a friend down the gold coast and after having a polite conversation with the property manager yesterday I parked my car out on the street. My car was parked with 2 wheels on the nature strip ( I know it's not allowed but it is a narrow road and bin day, plus there was other cars...
  7. jeesys

    ACT Body corporate sent invoices to wrong address for 6.5 years and now want 5K legal fees to be paid by me

    Background: I was living in a rented unit from 2008 Jan till -2010 June. And I moved out of this rental property to a different house in June 2010. I had given a deposit to a developer for the purchase of an investment townhouse in 2009 June as a house and land package. And the address given...
  8. Molly rose

    QLD Getting copies of correspondence from body Corporate

    I am the tenant and I was issued a breach notice on my tenancy at the request of the body Corporate as they had received 3 complaints from other tenants, I suffer from quite severe mental illness and keep to myself I rarely leave my house and the complaints were after about a week and. Half...
  9. K

    QLD Body Corporate Car Towing

    Hi body corporate has towed my car, without trying to contact me about it. It was parked where my dad used to live. He moved and I stupidly didn't move the car. Anyway, I can't afford to pay the towing fee to get my car back. Can they sell my car to recover the fee?
  10. C

    QLD Sue Upstairs Unit Owner, Property Manager, Body Corp Committee for Enabling & Aiding Stalking

    So Myself my partner and our child have been stalked by our upstairs neighbours daily for 7 months now. We are owners and female and male late 20s upstairs are renting. I am primary target and am followed relentlessly in our unit by strange female tenant as there is a lot of noise transfer...