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Medicine is the science and practice of establishing the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.Medicine has been around for thousands of years, during most of which it was an art (an area of skill and knowledge) frequently having connections to the religious and philosophical beliefs of local culture. For example, a medicine man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher and physician would apply bloodletting according to the theories of humorism. In recent centuries, since the advent of modern science, most medicine has become a combination of art and science (both basic and applied, under the umbrella of medical science). While stitching technique for sutures is an art learned through practice, the knowledge of what happens at the cellular and molecular level in the tissues being stitched arises through science.

Prescientific forms of medicine are now known as traditional medicine and folk medicine, though they do not fall within the modern definition of “medicine” which is based in medical science. Traditional medicine and folk medicine remain commonly used with, or instead of, scientific medicine and are thus called alternative medicine (meaning “[something] other than medicine”, from Latin alter, “other”). For example, evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture is "variable and inconsistent" for any condition, but is generally safe when done by an appropriately trained practitioner. In contrast, alternative treatments outside the bounds not just of scientific medicine, but also outside the bounds of safety and efficacy are termed quackery. Quackery can encompass an array of practices and practitioners, irrespective of whether they are prescientific (traditional medicine and folk medicine) or modern pseudo-scientific, including chiropractic which rejects modern scientific germ theory of disease (instead believing without evidence that human diseases are caused by invisible subluxation of the bones, predominantly of the spine and less so of other bones), with just over half of chiropractors also rejecting the science of immunization.

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  1. G

    WA Pre Employment Medical

    My question is can your employer insist on having a copy of all the medical questions in the pre employment questionnaire that the doctor has to fill out in order to conclude if you are fit for work? I have done many of these and usually on the last page is the signed statement by the doctor...
  2. Henry Williams

    VIC Do I have a medical negligence case? Permanent Injury caused.

    So I had received involuntary psychiatric treatment, which consisted of long acting injectable antipsychotics for a period of 2 years. within a few months of being on them I developed a tremor which gradually got worse and worse especially under stress and physical exertion. I also developed...
  3. M

    Reimbursement for Medical Bills after Dog Attack

    I was recently attacked by a dog in a public park. The owner declined to give his name or stop to render assistance. I was able to take photos of the man, his dog, and the model/license plate of his car. I reported the attack to the local council in Victoria, supplied a written statement backed...
  4. W

    NSW Forced disclose of Private medical information?

    Can Public servants, (Police, Emergency services, Government agencies and businesses operators and employees force you to provide your private Confidential medical information at any time?
  5. P

    Equal Parental Rights (Medical) and possible differences of opinion on COVID-19 Vaccine

    Hi, Let me preface this by making it known that I am not an anti vaxxer, I am vaccinated for basically everything we can and should be and I have previously had my children vaccinated appropriately without hesitation. Science works and I have a pretty low opinion of the people who before this...
  6. R

    NSW FCoA Callovers ADR - disadvantage due to medical condition, request vacate callover listing?

    FCoA Callovers ADR -I would be disadvantaged in any form of ADR due to medical condition affecting cognition. The callover itself, the required material required to be prepared in less than 4 weeks when in the process of preparing other material for an already listed Directions Hearing (4 weeks...
  7. J

    NSW Can party to a proceeding access your Centrelink and medical records

    Can party to a proceeding access your Centrelink and medical records?
  8. A

    NSW Life ruined by incorrect medical records

    As a result of a claim for compensation I discovered my medical records contain completely erroneous entries and information. It seems that someone else's information has been entered by mistake. The file claims I have a criminal record, I've assaulted police and medical staff, I have all these...
  9. C

    NSW Medical negligence

    I had drains removed and cosmetic surgeon pulled so hard he detached a drain and didn’t notice. Two months later, after being told my pain was stitches dissolving, I notice a cord like structure under my skin in my abdomen. Radiology confirmed a piece of drain. Dr removed this in his clinic with...
  10. J

    QLD Using a medical certificate to with hold care

    Hi all, as far as I understand, using illness as a reason to withhold care isnt supposed to happen less than 24 hours before handover we receive an email from OP's solicitor stating that the child has had received urgent medical care and a medical certificate (usual text but with an added...