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Medicine is the science and practice of establishing the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.Medicine has been around for thousands of years, during most of which it was an art (an area of skill and knowledge) frequently having connections to the religious and philosophical beliefs of local culture. For example, a medicine man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher and physician would apply bloodletting according to the theories of humorism. In recent centuries, since the advent of modern science, most medicine has become a combination of art and science (both basic and applied, under the umbrella of medical science). While stitching technique for sutures is an art learned through practice, the knowledge of what happens at the cellular and molecular level in the tissues being stitched arises through science.

Prescientific forms of medicine are now known as traditional medicine and folk medicine, though they do not fall within the modern definition of “medicine” which is based in medical science. Traditional medicine and folk medicine remain commonly used with, or instead of, scientific medicine and are thus called alternative medicine (meaning “[something] other than medicine”, from Latin alter, “other”). For example, evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture is "variable and inconsistent" for any condition, but is generally safe when done by an appropriately trained practitioner. In contrast, alternative treatments outside the bounds not just of scientific medicine, but also outside the bounds of safety and efficacy are termed quackery. Quackery can encompass an array of practices and practitioners, irrespective of whether they are prescientific (traditional medicine and folk medicine) or modern pseudo-scientific, including chiropractic which rejects modern scientific germ theory of disease (instead believing without evidence that human diseases are caused by invisible subluxation of the bones, predominantly of the spine and less so of other bones), with just over half of chiropractors also rejecting the science of immunization.

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    NSW Can party to a proceeding access your Centrelink and medical records

    Can party to a proceeding access your Centrelink and medical records?
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    NSW Life ruined by incorrect medical records

    As a result of a claim for compensation I discovered my medical records contain completely erroneous entries and information. It seems that someone else's information has been entered by mistake. The file claims I have a criminal record, I've assaulted police and medical staff, I have all these...
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    NSW Medical negligence

    I had drains removed and cosmetic surgeon pulled so hard he detached a drain and didn’t notice. Two months later, after being told my pain was stitches dissolving, I notice a cord like structure under my skin in my abdomen. Radiology confirmed a piece of drain. Dr removed this in his clinic with...
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    QLD Using a medical certificate to with hold care

    Hi all, as far as I understand, using illness as a reason to withhold care isnt supposed to happen less than 24 hours before handover we receive an email from OP's solicitor stating that the child has had received urgent medical care and a medical certificate (usual text but with an added...
  5. M

    Medical Tests results

    Hi, my husband had an MRI test (which he paid for) and received the film (on a disk). But he also asked to be given the report for the MRI and he's been told that the report is only going to be sent to the referring doctor and that he doesn't have the right to receive a copy. Is that accurate...
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    VIC Medical negligence ? Infection caught from patient in same room

    50 something year old patient with very treatable leukaemia. Patient placed in same ward as another patient with a fungal infection - other patient was very open about sharing details of their infection. Cancer patient with no immunity due to their treatment. Cancer patient now has fungal...
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    VIC Can Vicroads gain access to Medical Records?

    Is Vicroads able to access medical records without a court order? or even consent for that matter? Why do they mail you a request for a medical assessment, that has to go Via you, to your doctor, he completes it, and then gives it back to you, and you have to forward it to Vicroads? I would...
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    QLD Requesting child's medical records

    Not really a family law case but keen to get some advice on how to support stepson who is refusing to go to high school. So partner's son is really struggling with his private school at the moment. We only just discover that son has severe mental health issues which required psychiatric care...
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    VIC Career pathways from Master of Health and Medical Law

    Hi, I work in health and have a postgrad degree in critical care and am interested in the Master of Health and Medical Law course, just wondering if anyone has completed this course/has information about career prospects/is it a waste of time? I'd be interested in eventually getting into...
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    NSW medical helicopter bill

    i received a medical bill from a helicopter company in relation to a rescue that occurred when i was over visting in New Zealand, it is a large substantial amount. they are now treating to get debt collectors involved as several mouths have gone by please tell me what i can do to in terms of...