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Law is commonly understood as a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate conduct, although its precise definition is a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and the art of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
Legal systems vary between countries, with their differences analysed in comparative law. In civil law jurisdictions, a legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates the law. In common law systems, judges make binding case law through precedent, although on occasion case law may be overturned by a higher court or the legislature. Historically, religious law influenced secular matters, and is still used in some religious communities. Sharia law based on Islamic principles is used as the primary legal system in several countries, including Iran and Saudi Arabia.Law's scope can be divided into two domains. Public law concerns government and society, including constitutional law, administrative law, and criminal law. Private law deals with legal disputes between individuals and/or organisations in areas such as contracts, property, torts/delicts and commercial law. This distinction is stronger in civil law countries, particularly those with a separate system of administrative courts; by contrast, the public-private law divide is less pronounced in common law jurisdictions.Law provides a source of scholarly inquiry into legal history, philosophy, economic analysis and sociology. Law also raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness, and justice.

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  1. C

    Legal vs Preferred name

    If I am required to testify in a criminal trial am I able to use my preferred name which is my partner's surname to be addressed or do I have to use my legal name as we are not married and I haven't legally changed it??
  2. L

    VIC Legal Opinion sought on Council

    After 2 slip & falls, sustaining injury because of a Council tree, a request to remove it denied, the tree deemed in fair health, yet structurally sound, therefore not meeting criteria for a dead, dying or hazardous tree. An appeal for an exemption to this policy, under the safety aspect of the...
  3. J

    VIC What legal rights does a property purchaser have if they cannot settle on a deal because of Covid?

    Good Morning, my friends (American husband Indonesian wife) who are Australian Permanent Residents, purchased a block of land with a 10% deposit in Melbourne some time ago. The blocks have now been titled and are due to settle shortly. They want to settle as they love the block and the new...
  4. H

    VIC What concerns you the most about having to go to a lawyer to get legal advice?

    What are some of the issues that concern you the most?
  5. Vickii

    VIC Insurance s93 property law- legal requirement?

    Our body Corp is paying entire costs to replace a retaining wall that runs along the boundary of our neighbours property. They argue we are obliged under section 93 of the property act to obtain insurance before we commence. Is Ths correct? The company doing the job would have public liability...
  6. R

    US Company Legal Power to AU Consumer

    I have an outstanding balanced of $80 owed to a US based hosting company for unpaid fees. I chose not to pay them due to incredibly poor customer service and general frustration with working with the company. They work on a monthly post pay system and the amount has been owed since February...
  7. M

    Is it legal for a civilian to own a body cam for recording?

    In case of a fistfight and I did not start it but was accused of that and I need a form of visual proof like a body cam. Thank you.
  8. philip_rhoades

    NSW Legal process prevented by Privacy Laws

    People, I want to submit an application to the local court for a Noise Abatement Order (under section 268 of the Protection of the Environment Administration Act 1991) but I am prevented from doing so because I don't know the respondent's last name. Neither the Real Estate Agent, the Strata...
  9. H

    NSW Legal claim to child

    A mother leaves after her child is born and the father has raised the child for the child's entire life (6 years). It turns out that he is not the biological father. Does the real biological mother or father have any legal claim to the child if they come back 6 years later, despite the fact that...
  10. A

    QLD Just for fun. What is the legal definition of 'unable'?

    This ones for fun and I'm hoping someone can settle a poorly worded bet between friends 🤣 What is the legal definition of 'unable'? The bet was regarding whether "we will be unable to camp as a group in September" or not. Person A says that Person B had to bend the COVID rules in order to go...