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Law is commonly understood as a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate conduct, although its precise definition is a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and the art of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
Legal systems vary between countries, with their differences analysed in comparative law. In civil law jurisdictions, a legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates the law. In common law systems, judges make binding case law through precedent, although on occasion case law may be overturned by a higher court or the legislature. Historically, religious law influenced secular matters, and is still used in some religious communities. Sharia law based on Islamic principles is used as the primary legal system in several countries, including Iran and Saudi Arabia.Law's scope can be divided into two domains. Public law concerns government and society, including constitutional law, administrative law, and criminal law. Private law deals with legal disputes between individuals and/or organisations in areas such as contracts, property, torts/delicts and commercial law. This distinction is stronger in civil law countries, particularly those with a separate system of administrative courts; by contrast, the public-private law divide is less pronounced in common law jurisdictions.Law provides a source of scholarly inquiry into legal history, philosophy, economic analysis and sociology. Law also raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness, and justice.

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  1. J

    VIC Valid / legal affidavit?

    Is an affidavit without a signature of an authorised witness still a legal document? And can it be relied at the hearing?
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    QLD Medico legal question

    Hi All, 1st time posting. I have to attend a Medico Legal psychiatrist in Brisbane late next week. As this is a mental health issue, I wanted a support person. I called the Dr's rooms and asked if this was possible (arranged IME by workcover) I was told the following 1. No suppoert person...
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    VIC Is it legal that an employer withdraw an employment offer before its expiry date ?

    I got an employment offer from an employer. The offer has an expiry date. However, the employer noticed me they wanted to withdraw this offer before this expiry date. Is it legal? I thought we already agreed on a due date of this offer. What can I do? The expiry date is something like this...
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    QLD Caveat and legal aide

    Hello Folks, My ex has put a caveat on my owned house from defatco relationship of 9 years. The caveat was filed on the 14th of June 2021. As far as i know she is funded by legal aide . My question is as I am unaware of how legal aid works - If i lodge a lapsing notice to get the caveat...
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    VIC How to present a legal argument-document form?

    I'm not a Lawyer but want to type out and present a legal argument in document form. No matter how I structure my arguments, it ends up looking like an essay with Intro, Body, and Conclusion. I also want to include references to journals but I'm not sure I can do that. Most references will be...
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    QLD Termination of legal relationship with my solicitor

    Hi all, I recently ended the legal relationship with my solicitor, who then tried to communicate with me by calling and emailing. I was clear in my email stating that I wish to have no further legal representation with their firm and that I would like to have my file and an invoice sent to be...
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    VIC Legal advice to help shoplifter daughter (18)

    About a week ago my daughter (18 years old) was caught shoplifting at our local Coles supermarket. Because I only got her side of the story after the fact, when I came to pick her up, I can't be 100% sure of how accurate her account of events are, but this is what she told me: - She was...
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    QLD apply legal framework

    can anyone help me with this question Compare and contrast the QLD Courts in order of hierarchy ensuring that the maximum terms of imprisonment and civil claims amounts are included.
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    VIC Old case Paternity test result 1993 year. If Family court could give us copy that could be use for legal purpose.

    My solicitor in 1993 year gave me photocopy of result of DNA parentage test, didn,t know at that time to ask for original. I have original of Court order that declared my ex partner as the father. Father is not on Birth Certificate. My son would like to get from Court copy that could legaly used...
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    VIC No procedural fairness in Legal Aid grant cancellation

    I was approved for a grant of aid. It was cancelled before I spoke to my new lawyer at all. This cancellation happened without any prior warning so there was no fair hearing. The only reason given after it was cancelled was that I failed to follow reasonable advice from my lawyer. This seems...