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Law is commonly understood as a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate conduct, although its precise definition is a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and the art of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
Legal systems vary between countries, with their differences analysed in comparative law. In civil law jurisdictions, a legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates the law. In common law systems, judges make binding case law through precedent, although on occasion case law may be overturned by a higher court or the legislature. Historically, religious law influenced secular matters, and is still used in some religious communities. Sharia law based on Islamic principles is used as the primary legal system in several countries, including Iran and Saudi Arabia.Law's scope can be divided into two domains. Public law concerns government and society, including constitutional law, administrative law, and criminal law. Private law deals with legal disputes between individuals and/or organisations in areas such as contracts, property, torts/delicts and commercial law. This distinction is stronger in civil law countries, particularly those with a separate system of administrative courts; by contrast, the public-private law divide is less pronounced in common law jurisdictions.Law provides a source of scholarly inquiry into legal history, philosophy, economic analysis and sociology. Law also raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness, and justice.

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  1. C

    VIC Can I get my property back through legal actions from a ex fling?

    Ive been trying to someone my things back from what would be considered an ex fling, it was originally a "we'll end up together just keep it for now" kind of thing. But we ended up going our separate ways, I've expressed to him that I wish for my things back but he keeps avoiding my attempts by...
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    VIC How do senior law graduates overcome ageism in the modern legal practice?

    Can senior (mature age 55+) law graduates comply with the Uniform Law after being admitted and be able to outsource their paralegal services to firms either pro bono or on an hourly rate?
  3. T

    VIC Video footage legal proceedings

    If I have video footage about something I am alleging, what do I have to do pre Court to prove that that footage was taken but between certain times? I understand I can do a declaration stating that it was taken at that time but I want to show the timestamp of that video using the metadata to...
  4. A

    VIC Legal assistance for being treated illegally by a security gaurd

    Is there anything I can do. I was shipping at a grocery store late tonight before closing time in a westfield centre and afterwards had to take my trolley and mobility scooter to use a bathroom. The disabled toilet was closed and my only option was the (empty)...
  5. M

    Responsibility for legal costs

    I am currently in dispute with my brother who is both The Executor and a beneficiary. It has just become known to us that the estate (and his legal fees) are covered by the estate? I've just been informed that as I am disputing aspects of how it is being handled and being dragged out that my...
  6. Joli

    QLD Seeking Legal Advice: Issues with Recently Purchased Second-Hand CarBody

    I recently purchased a car from a second-hand shop for my nephew, and we've encountered several issues that have left us feeling uncertain about our rights and options.After just two weeks of driving the car, it began making concerning noises, similar to those associated with exhaust problems...
  7. S

    VIC Grandparent threatening legal action

    Hello everyone. Following some Christmas dramas, my mother has recently threatened me with “legal action” around access to my son (9yo). I am a single parent with 100% care. My mother has seen my son less than once per year on average throughout his life. I recently took my son to visit his...
  8. Hellomyonlyfriend

    NSW Legal Costs in Tort Matters

    Are solicitors fees costs capped in Tort matters? I know they are in personal injury. A friend has been offered a settlement where 3 per cent goes to them and 97 per cent goes in legal costs and disbursements. It does not seem fair. Any advice I can give to them? Jurisdiction NSW.
  9. C

    Is this legal or classified as gambling online? I don't think so but need to be sure.

    HI, I am looking at launching a website which is a CSGO themed case opening / battle website. It runs on crypto and CSGO/CSGO2 game skins to determine items in the case value. the Battle involves 2 - 4 players opening the cases and the user who opens up the highest value items in total for...
  10. Antonio491

    What are the legal requirements for roof installation in Geelong Victoria?

    As I ventured into starting my roofing business in Geelong, I found myself bewildered by the legal requirements. Online research led me to a maze of regulations and permits that seemed more complex than I'd anticipated. Seeking guidance from seasoned roofers and delving into building codes, I...