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Law is commonly understood as a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate conduct, although its precise definition is a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and the art of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
Legal systems vary between countries, with their differences analysed in comparative law. In civil law jurisdictions, a legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates the law. In common law systems, judges make binding case law through precedent, although on occasion case law may be overturned by a higher court or the legislature. Historically, religious law influenced secular matters, and is still used in some religious communities. Sharia law based on Islamic principles is used as the primary legal system in several countries, including Iran and Saudi Arabia.Law's scope can be divided into two domains. Public law concerns government and society, including constitutional law, administrative law, and criminal law. Private law deals with legal disputes between individuals and/or organisations in areas such as contracts, property, torts/delicts and commercial law. This distinction is stronger in civil law countries, particularly those with a separate system of administrative courts; by contrast, the public-private law divide is less pronounced in common law jurisdictions.Law provides a source of scholarly inquiry into legal history, philosophy, economic analysis and sociology. Law also raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness, and justice.

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  1. J

    NSW What Legal Service is Available to Witness an Event to Prevent Workplace Harassment , Malice or Incompetence?

    I have an event scheduled in the future where some professionals are to ask me some questions for a thesis defence. I have had some previous experience where staff members at another university bullied me and repeatedly lied and asked some sophistic questions to undermine my performance. Is...
  2. mattyp

    Is this business legal? Could they get into trouble in the future?

    Just wondering if this business is legal to operate in Australia? Its basically a business that runs promotional giveaways. They make people pay entry fee for tickets which I didn't think was legal but they turn it into being legal by saying that the entry fee is a membership fee which they...
  3. D

    Legal Definition of a 'Service'

    How do I search for a Legal definition of a word that can be credible in Australian law? I'm looking for the legal definition for the word 'Service' . Thanks
  4. D

    Legislation for halting givernment debt while legal challenge?

    Would anybody know what piece of legislation is used to justify the halting of all debt or fines to be paid to the government while a legal challenge is going on? Any references would be much appreciated. Thanks
  5. R

    NSW How wide is the confidentiality of Exector's legal council?

    Could someone tell me if the communications between the legal council and the executor confidential to those parties, or are beneficiaries also entitled to the contents? While the legal council is on record as suggesting: "all emails be shared in the interests of transparency", none (between...
  6. R

    Is it legal for a store to put a "No liability accepted" sign?

    Hoping if someone can help me. I brought a computer to this shop and didn't notice this sign. My laptop was robbed and now the owner wont take responsibility to get me a new one because they put a dumb sign that's hard to see and read in the corner of the store that's dimly lit. Can I legally...
  7. Jenny453

    WA Legal Proces Stalling

    Umm, if a represented party seems to be riding a thin line in professional behaviour, for instance asking for information they have already been provided to prolong proceedings knowing a self rep applicant is having difficulties financially how many times do you let it go or jump on in straight...
  8. H

    QLD Is it legal to have sex with my 16 year old girlfriend if i am 19?

    It says in the legislation that age of consent is 16 but is that only for those under 18 or can a 16 year old consent with 19 year olds as well? Shes definitely 16. If you're a lawyer any help is appreciated or we could just wait until she gets older im in Queensland by the way.
  9. C

    Legal vs Preferred name

    If I am required to testify in a criminal trial am I able to use my preferred name which is my partner's surname to be addressed or do I have to use my legal name as we are not married and I haven't legally changed it??
  10. L

    VIC Legal Opinion sought on Council

    After 2 slip & falls, sustaining injury because of a Council tree, a request to remove it denied, the tree deemed in fair health, yet structurally sound, therefore not meeting criteria for a dead, dying or hazardous tree. An appeal for an exemption to this policy, under the safety aspect of the...