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Law is commonly understood as a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate conduct, although its precise definition is a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and the art of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
Legal systems vary between countries, with their differences analysed in comparative law. In civil law jurisdictions, a legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates the law. In common law systems, judges make binding case law through precedent, although on occasion case law may be overturned by a higher court or the legislature. Historically, religious law influenced secular matters, and is still used in some religious communities. Sharia law based on Islamic principles is used as the primary legal system in several countries, including Iran and Saudi Arabia.Law's scope can be divided into two domains. Public law concerns government and society, including constitutional law, administrative law, and criminal law. Private law deals with legal disputes between individuals and/or organisations in areas such as contracts, property, torts/delicts and commercial law. This distinction is stronger in civil law countries, particularly those with a separate system of administrative courts; by contrast, the public-private law divide is less pronounced in common law jurisdictions.Law provides a source of scholarly inquiry into legal history, philosophy, economic analysis and sociology. Law also raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness, and justice.

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  1. P

    NSW Is the estate legally liable to reimburse an executor for private legal advice

    The estate has been administered and all money is in trust waiting for distribution. One executor employed a solicitor privately to communicate with the other executors. The estate was sent invoices for the independent legal fees by this solicitor and a direction for these to be paid from estate...
  2. T

    VIC What are the legal implications if I make a fake Instagram account with my girlfriend's name and try to make a certain guy confess that they had sex?

    Is it illegal if I have gotten his Instagram account from her Instagram by going through her phone?
  3. S

    QLD Legal assistance in lodging Form-9-Application-UCPR & Form-46-Affidavit-UCPR to set aside default judgement.

    I am seeking to lodge an application to have a default judgement set aside so I can have it removed from my credit report. The judgement claim has been satisfied and the plaintiff(Credit Corp) will not contest. The reason for failing to file a defense within the required timeframe is...
  4. S

    Legal requirement to report child pornography material online

    Hi Guys, Is there a mandatory legal requirement on the state (Any state/territory) or federal level in Australia to report to police if you end up accidentally finding images/videos of child pornography online. ? An example is that in Canada if you were to accidentally come across online child...
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    VIC Supervised Visits- Vaccination- Legal representation

    Hello everyone, I have a couple of questions regarding family court interim orders that were set on the 4/10/21. I don’t want to sound unappreciative of the representation or of the courts time, but the dial in/video link system in place currently leaves a lot to be desired and I am of...
  6. U

    Reversed into vehicle of my neighbour's visitor. What are my rights?

    Hi, I think I recently reversed into a car of my neighbour's relative which was parked on the street. It was my first time leaving the garage of the new property, I was in a lot of hurry and had my baby with me in the car. From all the stress I didn't even fully notice what happened when I felt...
  7. BigManCave

    Is this legal for a company setup multiple companies, one to pay their employees, one act as bank account

    My friend's works in a commission based company, however company keep all employee commissions in their company but release approx 30% to them every year. Due to COVID, everyone in his company is worrying about weather if they can get back all their commissions because the company has weird...
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    VIC Is it legal to dropship items from Ebay onto Facebook Marketplace?

    Hi, I have registered a company and plan to sell discounted items through Facebook Marketplace and eventually a Shopify store. I know it is legal to dropship from a dropshipping supplier, but is it also legal to dropship an item found on Ebay? For example, let's say Ebay is selling a vacuum...
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    NSW Legal avenues to settle a personal property dispute between beneficiaries

    I am trying to find out what legal avenues may be available to a beneficiary to claim items of personal property that are in dispute. Our parents gave away many of their personal possessions that would hold some sentimental value before they died and they did not keep a record of the gifts. They...
  10. A helpless father

    NSW I will lose my child today, who can help me?

    My 19 month son's parenting interim hearing is to take place today, and I am most likely to lose. The reason I would lose is because of a report by an expert from the relationspace. The report do says that I did a very good job as a father of my 2 sons (I have another elder son who is 4 years...