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Law is commonly understood as a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate conduct, although its precise definition is a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and the art of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
Legal systems vary between countries, with their differences analysed in comparative law. In civil law jurisdictions, a legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates the law. In common law systems, judges make binding case law through precedent, although on occasion case law may be overturned by a higher court or the legislature. Historically, religious law influenced secular matters, and is still used in some religious communities. Sharia law based on Islamic principles is used as the primary legal system in several countries, including Iran and Saudi Arabia.Law's scope can be divided into two domains. Public law concerns government and society, including constitutional law, administrative law, and criminal law. Private law deals with legal disputes between individuals and/or organisations in areas such as contracts, property, torts/delicts and commercial law. This distinction is stronger in civil law countries, particularly those with a separate system of administrative courts; by contrast, the public-private law divide is less pronounced in common law jurisdictions.Law provides a source of scholarly inquiry into legal history, philosophy, economic analysis and sociology. Law also raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness, and justice.

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  1. M

    ACT Denied warranty claim by dealer - what are the Option's to legal

    May I know how do we go about lodging a case against a dealer to deny a claim under warranty for under body rust cover. I do want to understand what are the legal options I can choose without lawyer and how does lawyers works in this specific case in terms of charges. I do have a case logged...
  2. V

    Hidden fees in Terms & Conditions Legal?

    If a company debits me for conditional fees that were only mentioned in the Terms & Conditions, which I have clicked "accept" on just to sign up an account, does it legally bypass fair labeling laws? I was given no other indication whatsoever of these fees throughout the interaction. Would...
  3. A

    WA Can a Private School request to talk with DCP only as legal Guardians

    We are looking for options in regards to a recent incident 1. DCP has placed a child with us for temp time 2. Our 12 yr old foster child has slowly opened up during her time with us and talked about how unhappy she is at the school. 3. After talking with her more we have found out that she has...
  4. marianapower

    NSW Question about Legal Costs Agreement

    Hello, I recently hired a law firm for a commercial matter. When I received a settlement offer, I was happy to take the offer - but the law firm said they could get more money/better outcome and this turned into further Deed negotiations. I was given a costs agreement of $12,000 and I put...
  5. J

    Our Corrupt Legal System - by Evan Whitton

    I'm reading this book, and it explains a lot about our legal system. "Our Corrupt Legal System" - by Evan Whitton Our legal system unfortunately is not based on truth or justice. Most people mistakenly think that it's so. I wonder if there has been any petitions to change our legal system to...
  6. J

    Legal Issues regarding Land

    Is someone able to please tell me the legal issues for the following. Thank you. The Wadura people made a native title claim over an area along the Murray River in Victoria. The claim covers the following areas that are subject to the following rights: (a) a freehold estate in the Andrews farm...
  7. amazonjungle

    NSW legal name on NCAT application

    Hi, is an NCAT order enforceable if you don't have the full legal name for NCAT application for the respondent? Can the legal name be changed after an order has been made and enforceable?
  8. K

    NSW Was wondering if I have grounds to proceed with legal action regarding the below circumstance, this regards telco Vodafone AU.

    Sorry in advance for the incredibly long message, and numerous typos. In Jan 2020 I received a text from Vodafone saying I could upgrade my phone, I rang and confirmed with voda, I went into the store I ordered a phone to upgrade with on 36 month plan. I was told I would receive the phone...
  9. M

    QLD Pawnbroker - legal selling of car / transfer ownership??

    In Jan 2019, my son (19yrs old) decided to pawn 'hock' his vehicle to help pay some of his bills. He pawned his 2009 Holden SV6 VE Commodore for a $1000 loan. The pawn dealership valued the car at $5,500 and pawned it against the $1000 loan payment and agreed monthly interest payments. The...
  10. M

    Pawn Dealer - legal options??

    In February 2019, my son (19yrs old) decided to pawn 'hock' his vehicle to help pay some of his bills. He pawned his 2009 Holden SV6 VE Commodore for a $1000 loan. The pawn dealership valued the car at $4,900 and pawned it against the $1000 loan payment and agreed monthly interest payments. The...