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Evidence, broadly construed, is anything presented in support of an assertion, because evident things are undoubted. There are two kind of evidence: intellectual evidence (the obvious, the evident) and empirical evidence (proofs).
The mentioned support may be strong or weak. The strongest type of evidence is that which provides direct proof of the truth of an assertion. At the other extreme is evidence that is merely consistent with an assertion but does not rule out other, contradictory assertions, as in circumstantial evidence.
In law, rules of evidence govern the types of evidence that are admissible in a legal proceeding. Types of legal evidence include testimony, documentary evidence, and physical evidence. The parts of a legal case which are not in controversy are known, in general, as the "facts of the case." Beyond any facts that are undisputed, a judge or jury is usually tasked with being a trier of fact for the other issues of a case. Evidence and rules are used to decide questions of fact that are disputed, some of which may be determined by the legal burden of proof relevant to the case. Evidence in certain cases (e.g. capital crimes) must be more compelling than in other situations (e.g. minor civil disputes), which drastically affects the quality and quantity of evidence necessary to decide a case.
Scientific evidence consists of observations and experimental results that serve to support, refute, or modify a scientific hypothesis or theory, when collected and interpreted in accordance with the scientific method.
In philosophy, the study of evidence is closely tied to epistemology, which considers the nature of knowledge and how it can be acquired.

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  1. Wallabymince

    TAS Disclosure of evidence post-trial

    Are there rules for disclosure of evidence post trial from the police? I was unable to obtain disclosure of the evidence before trial due to personal circumstances. However, the evidence presented in court by police was used to mislead the judge and was taken out of context. Am I able to gain...
  2. Hellomyonlyfriend

    NSW Can police add additional evidence mid hearing?

    Can police add additional material mid hearing during adjournments? Jurisdiction: NSW Seems unfair?
  3. X

    QLD Is employer entitled to see all relevant evidence or allegations made by employee in a WHnS incident report form?

    During the senior management meeting, a worker brought up allegations against an employer. The WH&S representative stated that in addition to an investigation and resolution of the accusation, an incident report based on the claims needed to be completed. Nevertheless, despite numerous requests...
  4. S

    VIC IVO rules of evidence

    I am the respondent to an IVO which is set for mention next week. I plan to contest as like a lot of people on here, I’m currently going through the Family court to get more time with my child and they allegations are BS. My ex applied for an ex parte order and stated in her application that she...
  5. P

    WA dashcams for evidence

    Hi all, I can't stress this enough. If you don't have a dashcam already get one. I have had 2 false RTA charges over the years in W.A. If I had a dashcam I could have proved my innocence. Also useful in a traffic accident to show who was in the wrong. The first one was a false speeding charge...
  6. Hellomyonlyfriend

    NSW Brief of evidence and Police Statements

    If police statement is not in brief before hearing starts (it got adjourned) can the police still give evidence in chief?
  7. Hellomyonlyfriend

    NSW Help! Can police tender video evidence without person present

    Can police tender video evidence from a third party when that third party is not present in court to be cross examined? They are not the complainant.
  8. Hellomyonlyfriend

    NSW Help! Can police tender video evidence without person present

    Can police tender video evidence from a third party when that third party is not present in court to be cross examined? They are not the complainant.
  9. U

    VIC False and misleading evidence VCAT settlement agreement ?

    Hi I've spoken to respondents solicitor in regards to providing a false and misleading diagram and details as part of VCAT settlement agreement .The solicitor has said the settlement agreement has been signed, so basically he's saying bad luck ?The diagram is not the same as the Engineers...
  10. A

    NSW Workplace bullying investigations: providing evidence as a witness

    I have a question relating to adverse action taken against employees who have provided evidence in a workplace bullying investigation against a manager. Cant find an answer anywhere! In this situation, the employee is not the one who made the complaint that triggered the investigation but one...