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A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law. In both common law and civil law legal systems, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all people have an ability to bring their claims before a court. Similarly, the rights of those accused of a crime include the right to present a defense before a court.
The system of courts that interprets and applies the law is collectively known as the judiciary. The place where a court sits is known as a venue. The room where court proceedings occur is known as a courtroom, and the building as a courthouse; court facilities range from simple and very small facilities in rural communities to large buildings in cities.
The practical authority given to the court is known as its jurisdiction (Latin: jus dicere') – the court's power to decide certain kinds of questions or petitions put to it. According to William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England, a court is constituted by a minimum of three parties: the actor or plaintiff, who complains of an injury done; the reus or defendant, who is called upon to make satisfaction for it, and the judex or judicial power, which is to examine the truth of the fact, to determine the law arising upon that fact, and, if any injury appears to have been done, to ascertain and by its officers to apply a legal remedy. It is also usual in the superior courts to have barristers, and attorneys or counsel, as assistants, though, often, courts consist of additional barristers, bailiffs, reporters, and perhaps a jury.
The term "the court" is also used to refer to the presiding officer or officials, usually one or more judges. The judge or panel of judges may also be collectively referred to as "the bench" (in contrast to attorneys and barristers, collectively referred to as "the bar"). In the United States, and other common law jurisdictions, the term "court" (in the case of U.S. federal courts) by law is used to describe the judge himself or herself.In the United States, the legal authority of a court to take action is based on personal jurisdiction over the parties to the litigation and subject-matter jurisdiction over the claims asserted.

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    SR dad Not seeing son since COVID19 shutdown: Should I lodge application in case/contravention orders when next court hearing is in 4.5 months???

    Sorry, long post. 2 questions at bottom of post. I had been seeing my son in supervised visits and that was eventually changed to drop/off pick up(unsupervised) due to avo mum(ex) has that I accepted without admissions. Lawyers told me accept it, its easier… it wont affect your family law...
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    Mum Taking Property from me (UPDATE)- Kids vs Mothers= Loss

    Hi Guys, I am a 23 year old male and live in Victoria, and I can't wrap my head around Family/Criminal law in this state if you are a male! In 2015 I was gifted money to buy land and build a house, from my mother, she received a huge TAC payout, she kept the money in a joint bank account with my...
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    VIC Are the rules around COVID19 legal? Can the fines and orders be fought in court?

    So, I saw the story about gun stores that were forced to shut down due to new "rules" now saying they are banding together and going to sue the state government 'I can't pay bills': Gun dealers set to sue police over ban on sales ...and it made me think about our individual rights and freedoms...
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    VIC What's stopping me from repossessing my property in the Supreme Court?

    Form 5E Originating motion for Recovery of Land under order 53 I'm the sole owner of my property and I initiated this motion in the Supreme Court as my personally unrecognised mother decided to file for an Intervention Order against me, claim to police that they owned my home and excluded me...
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    VIC First time being at court, ever.

    Hi all. I hope I'm posting this in the right forum category. I have a cross interim intervention order against my ex. We are required to attend a mentions summon in early May. I've never had to go to court before. So I honestly have no idea what to expect or what will happen on the day. I guess...
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    WA Debt collector took to court and case was dismissed with prejudice but still defaulting after 10 years

    Hi there, I had a credit card debt with bank west n they have me no help to deal with debt n I had a baby n no money. They sold debt after terrible harassment and collector defaults every month on my credit report. I had a home loan with an account with credit card. They closed the line of...
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    NSW How did your family law court experience pan out

    Hi - I am just at the beginning of this process, and have no idea what to expect. I was wondering if anyone would be willing to share their stories and experiences of the court process, it would be so greatly appreciated. I'm interested to know the following kind of things: 1. What happened...
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    Motor Vehicle Collision - Magistrates Civil court complaint

    Hi Guys Thank you all so much for dedicating your time. I hope you can help with your expertise as I am very stressed right now. In september last year 2019 I was involved in a MVA with a ute. Long story short we exchanged details with insurance I have comprehensive. My vehicle was repaired...
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    VIC Mother taking me to Family Court for property separation

    Well... I got shafted and screwed left and right from just about every firm I encountered in Melbourne. My mother is taking me to the family court this Tuesday demanding I SIGN 100% of my home to her. I've somehow become the first kid in the country to be in a PROPERTY SEPARATION with a parent...
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    urgent help needed - Mother giving children (2 & 6) non prescribed drugs - family court

    background * family court proceedings are around a year in - * father has been subject to many false allegations of drug use/ mental health issues / family violence. - VRO Gained by lying about these accusations * Magistrates have now deemed father no risk (after 40 supervised visits and a...