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A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law. In both common law and civil law legal systems, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all people have an ability to bring their claims before a court. Similarly, the rights of those accused of a crime include the right to present a defense before a court.
The system of courts that interprets and applies the law is collectively known as the judiciary. The place where a court sits is known as a venue. The room where court proceedings occur is known as a courtroom, and the building as a courthouse; court facilities range from simple and very small facilities in rural communities to large buildings in cities.
The practical authority given to the court is known as its jurisdiction (Latin: jus dicere') – the court's power to decide certain kinds of questions or petitions put to it. According to William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England, a court is constituted by a minimum of three parties: the actor or plaintiff, who complains of an injury done; the reus or defendant, who is called upon to make satisfaction for it, and the judex or judicial power, which is to examine the truth of the fact, to determine the law arising upon that fact, and, if any injury appears to have been done, to ascertain and by its officers to apply a legal remedy. It is also usual in the superior courts to have barristers, and attorneys or counsel, as assistants, though, often, courts consist of additional barristers, bailiffs, reporters, and perhaps a jury.
The term "the court" is also used to refer to the presiding officer or officials, usually one or more judges. The judge or panel of judges may also be collectively referred to as "the bench" (in contrast to attorneys and barristers, collectively referred to as "the bar"). In the United States, and other common law jurisdictions, the term "court" (in the case of U.S. federal courts) by law is used to describe the judge himself or herself.In the United States, the legal authority of a court to take action is based on personal jurisdiction over the parties to the litigation and subject-matter jurisdiction over the claims asserted.

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  1. B

    VIC NSW Court Order

    I am asking this question on behalf of a close relative who holds a Victorian Drivers Licence. On 26th January 2021 he was charged with mid range drink driving in NSW. He went to court on 17th Feb 2021 and the Magistrate ordered a 6 month Licence suspension from 26th Jan 2021 & also imposed a...
  2. S

    VIC IVO could be dismissed at court hearting?

    hi folks, I am the respondent to an ivo in last Nov. I had the first court hearing last Dec, court issued an interim ivo, next court hearing in Sep this year. Interim ivo does not have any specified conditions but those three common conditions. my question is, in the next court hearing, can I...
  3. N

    Impact of DVO on Family Court

    Brief Summary: - My partner and I relocated away from the children's father due to DV - Interim parenting orders have supervised visitation with father at a contact centre (this was based on concerns with a temporary protection order) and that the children be permitted to live with us away from...
  4. C

    Appealing a summary offence beyond the County Court of Victoria

    So I challenged a summary offence charge in the Magistrates Court of Victoria and lost. I then appealed the charge in the County Court of Victoria and lost there too. In my opinion, I did not get a fair hearing in the County Court of Victoria as my charge was decided by an incompetent judge...
  5. C

    Appealing a summary offence beyond the County Court of Victoria

    So I challenged a summary offence charge in the Magistrates Court of Victoria and lost. I then appealed the charge in the County Court of Victoria and lost there too. In my opinion, I did not get a fair hearing in the County Court of Victoria as my charge was decided by an incompetent judge...
  6. S

    NSW Appeal sentencing from district court

    Sentence seems way out of proportion to other sentencing in the same area Want to appeal Contacted a new lawyer who is still reading over and waiting on judge comments from sentencing still been in jail two weeks Want to appeal as soon as possible Any suggestions as to the best lawyer to...
  7. M

    TAS What are valid reason for obtaining court case documents (transcripts,evidences ect )

    hi i am trying to get everything about a old murder cases and im wanting to know some valid reason for the courts
  8. J

    QLD Rights to see child

    I have a Dvo, I have never been done or charge, no medical references to support claim. Until child of 8years old claim being assault it by father. No real evidence, police believe child. Now I have no access and DVD still stands but to the child
  9. S

    NSW Damages awarded in court years ago Company has never paid

    Hi, have a situation where a court awarded damages for unfair dismissal/bullying to an ex employee. The damages have never been paid to the ex employee. They did have a few breakdowns and has been struggling with mental health issues post the closure of the case. What avenues do we have to...
  10. kimbapuppy

    VIC Parental Alienation family court cases to be able to quote in my trial

    Are there any parental alienation family law cases in Australia that I can quote in my trial? I am the alienated parent. My kids echo the negative views of the mother, won't eat the food I cook them, never says any positive things about the father. One of the child has eating anxiety (lost a...