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A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law. In both common law and civil law legal systems, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all people have an ability to bring their claims before a court. Similarly, the rights of those accused of a crime include the right to present a defense before a court.
The system of courts that interprets and applies the law is collectively known as the judiciary. The place where a court sits is known as a venue. The room where court proceedings occur is known as a courtroom, and the building as a courthouse; court facilities range from simple and very small facilities in rural communities to large buildings in cities.
The practical authority given to the court is known as its jurisdiction (Latin: jus dicere') – the court's power to decide certain kinds of questions or petitions put to it. According to William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England, a court is constituted by a minimum of three parties: the actor or plaintiff, who complains of an injury done; the reus or defendant, who is called upon to make satisfaction for it, and the judex or judicial power, which is to examine the truth of the fact, to determine the law arising upon that fact, and, if any injury appears to have been done, to ascertain and by its officers to apply a legal remedy. It is also usual in the superior courts to have barristers, and attorneys or counsel, as assistants, though, often, courts consist of additional barristers, bailiffs, reporters, and perhaps a jury.
The term "the court" is also used to refer to the presiding officer or officials, usually one or more judges. The judge or panel of judges may also be collectively referred to as "the bench" (in contrast to attorneys and barristers, collectively referred to as "the bar"). In the United States, and other common law jurisdictions, the term "court" (in the case of U.S. federal courts) by law is used to describe the judge himself or herself.In the United States, the legal authority of a court to take action is based on personal jurisdiction over the parties to the litigation and subject-matter jurisdiction over the claims asserted.

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    NSW Local Court Process

    I am representing myself in a matter of stopping on path/strip in built up area (motorcycle - and have had some good feedback from this forum). My question relates to the Local Court (Sydney Downing Centre) process for this matter. I have received a written Notice of Listing for Mid November...
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    VIC Court room metal detectors and security

    Sorry for asking such confronting or sensitive questions but every court notice I've attended (driving or car accident related) the court rooms in VIC or NSW are heavily security guarded and there are metal detectors to walk through, xray scanners and being searched with wands. It is obviously...
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    VIC Avoid going to court for the property settlement after 12mths has passed sicne divorce

    Hi, I was married for 10 years and got divorced for almost two years by now. Yes, 12 months has passed since the divorce order came in to effect. I am aware "once your divorce is final you only have 12 months to make an application to the Court for a property settlement unless there are...
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    VIC How to Expediting Court Hearing, regarding the IVO

    Dear Legal Friends, I am seeking urgent assistance in expediting a court hearing for my case. Since the initial hearing on November 2023, there have been significant delays. The second hearing was scheduled nearly five months later, and the third (potentially contested) hearing is now set for...
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    VIC Urgent Assistance Needed: Expediting Court Hearing, regarding the IVO

    Dear Legal Friends, I am seeking urgent assistance in expediting a court hearing for my case. Since the initial hearing on November 2023, there have been significant delays. The second hearing was scheduled nearly five months later, and the third (potentially contested) hearing is now set for...
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    VIC How to address court room staff

    Is there a way of addressing each staff in a local magistrates court? Where do you find this information? My law books (I.e. Introduction to Australian Law and Statutory Interpretation) don't mention it. I'm new to court processes and vicariously have learnt to call judges 'your honour' and bow...
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    High Court Cost

    Who pays for the HIGH COURT of Australia's cost when an illegal migrant makes a case to be heard in HCA ??
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    NSW Who pays the cost of one party or both parties at High Court of Australia in ILLEGAL Migrants cases brought in front of HCA

    Who pays the cost of one party or both parties at High Court of Australia in ILLEGAL Migrants cases brought in front of HCA
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    QLD Stealing

    Is it permissible for the prosecution to inform the magistrate of similar charges being pursued in other courts ?
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    NSW My husband has an ADVO on him by the police to protect me. Court hearing is pending after a few days.

    My husband has an ADVO on him by the police to protect me. Court hearing is pending after a few days. Im still on a partner visa 820. Will this affect my visa processing? I did not want to do the advo on him but the police did it on him to protect me, how can I withdraw it? Can I have my say in...