court

Australia's #1 for Law
Join 150,000 Australians every month. Ask a question, respond to a question and better understand the law today!
FREE - Join Now
A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law. In both common law and civil law legal systems, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all people have an ability to bring their claims before a court. Similarly, the rights of those accused of a crime include the right to present a defense before a court.
The system of courts that interprets and applies the law is collectively known as the judiciary. The place where a court sits is known as a venue. The room where court proceedings occur is known as a courtroom, and the building as a courthouse; court facilities range from simple and very small facilities in rural communities to large buildings in cities.
The practical authority given to the court is known as its jurisdiction (Latin: jus dicere') – the court's power to decide certain kinds of questions or petitions put to it. According to William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England, a court is constituted by a minimum of three parties: the actor or plaintiff, who complains of an injury done; the reus or defendant, who is called upon to make satisfaction for it, and the judex or judicial power, which is to examine the truth of the fact, to determine the law arising upon that fact, and, if any injury appears to have been done, to ascertain and by its officers to apply a legal remedy. It is also usual in the superior courts to have barristers, and attorneys or counsel, as assistants, though, often, courts consist of additional barristers, bailiffs, reporters, and perhaps a jury.
The term "the court" is also used to refer to the presiding officer or officials, usually one or more judges. The judge or panel of judges may also be collectively referred to as "the bench" (in contrast to attorneys and barristers, collectively referred to as "the bar"). In the United States, and other common law jurisdictions, the term "court" (in the case of U.S. federal courts) by law is used to describe the judge himself or herself.In the United States, the legal authority of a court to take action is based on personal jurisdiction over the parties to the litigation and subject-matter jurisdiction over the claims asserted.

View More On Wikipedia.org
  1. S

    NSW Defendant's right to privacy during court proceedings and post-conviction?

    Hi, I was just wondering whether a defendant's personal information is made available to the press by the court when they are undergoing a trial or post-conviction? In particular, their family information (the name of their wife or children?) I've googled and can't find anything. It seems...
  2. beyondeden

    WA Car impounded and going to court. What next?

    Second offense. I am very very sorry for that. Not seeking any mercy but that is my heart. I relocated to Perth two years ago. I am very very sorry for the illegal driving, which caused the car impounded for 28 days. I was planning to go for a pray for my mother who is waiting for surgery of...
  3. G

    VIC The court date

    Thanks in advance for your time. although I am seeking a lawyer, but any opinion or suggestion will be highly appreciated. I have been interviewed by VIC police for non-serious offence last July, bailed to face the court on the first week of December. Then, I wrote to the informant and he...
  4. N

    NSW Missed court

    hi I missed Court a few days ago I've just realised wondering how to find out what the outcome of the court proceedings were
  5. O

    VIC Filing for court for Property Settlement + Parenting Order myself? De Facto relationship

    Hi all, I was in a De facto relationship for 8 years - partner and I just separated. One house, 2 young kids. She is dragging her feet to do the paperwork for the property settlement (she made me leave and kept everything), offered me like 6% of our assets, I asked for 40%. We've gone through...
  6. G

    NSW family court orders not followed

    my son's daughter is 2 years old court orders in place since January this year. she complied with orders in the main for 8 months . We havent seen her for three months now as refuses to comply it is possible that she has moved as well. very concerned. Best option for urgent action.
  7. B

    VIC Law

    Hi. I got told to attend Bendigo Magistrate court 2 days ago at 11.30. On arrival at 11.05 the clerk told me to have my phone ready as it would be heard at 12.00. I told him I had evidence that on the day i was pulled over i had only accumulated 10 demerit points and was pleading not guilty. He...
  8. T

    NSW Court awarded interest and pecuniary penalty orders. Are they taxable?

    If the Federal Circuit Court orders an employer pay backpay, presumably the employee must declare it for tax, but what about interest and pecuniary penalty orders?
  9. M

    VIC In the event of a divorce, does the female always win in court?

    Does the male always lose and end up losing everything to the female no matter what? Does the court always rule in favor of the female? Does prenup count as a legal document for asset management in the event of a divorce?
  10. R

    NSW Representing myself in court?

    I have a daughter who is 9. I separated from her mother when my daughter was 4. Since separating, my daughters mother has deliberately avoided a parenting plan or any kind of structure that would inhibit her controlling the situation. I continued to go along with whatever she told me to do as I...