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In philosophy, being means the material or immaterial existence of a thing. Anything that exists is being. Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies being. Being is a concept encompassing objective and subjective features of reality and existence. Anything that partakes in being is also called a "being", though often this usage is limited to entities that have subjectivity (as in the expression "human being"). The notion of "being" has, inevitably, been elusive and controversial in the history of philosophy, beginning in Western philosophy with attempts among the pre-Socratics to deploy it intelligibly. The first effort to recognize and define the concept came from Parmenides, who famously said of it that "what is-is". Common words such as "is", "are", and "am" refer directly or indirectly to being.
As an example of efforts in recent times, the German philosopher Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) (who himself drew on ancient Greek sources) adopted German terms like Dasein to articulate the topic. Several modern approaches build on such continental European exemplars as Heidegger, and apply metaphysical results to the understanding of human psychology and the human condition generally (notably in the existentialist tradition). By contrast, in mainstream analytical philosophy the topic is more confined to abstract investigation, in the work of such influential theorists as W. V. O. Quine (1908-2000), to name one of many. One of the most fundamental questions that has been contemplated in various cultures and traditions (e.g., Native American) and continues to exercise philosophers was articulated thus by William James (1842-1910) in 1909: "How comes the world to be here at all instead of the nonentity which might be imagined in its place? ... from nothing to being there is no logical bridge."

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    VIC Final payment for foodvan being witheld

    I sold my foodvan without knowing it was encumbered from the previous owner. I received a deposit from the person I sold it to and she towed the van away.She is now withholding the rest of the payment- saying I have to remove the encumbrance before she will complete the sale. What can I do?
  2. Q

    NSW Legal names not being used on public health orders

    I find it curious that public health orders and regulations are being posted by people like "Brad Hazard" (when his full name is Bradley Ronald Hazzard) and "Rob Stokes" (when his full name is Robert Gordon Stokes). If politicians are 'signing' these public health orders & related Regulations...
  3. D

    QLD DVO - Respondent publishing false allegations in DVO as statements of fact to my associates despite order being ‘consented to without admissions’

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  4. J

    NSW Unpaid invoices for company being sold

    Dear all, I have an unpaid work invoice. The client was pty Ltd and the business has been sold to another pty/ABN. The first PTY/ABN has not yet cancelled its ABN. The owner of the old PTY/ABN still owns the property of the business however he claimed that the actual business shas gone to the...
  5. A

    VIC Choice of repairer being declined by GIO Platinum

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  6. C

    SA Chances of ex being granted recovery orders or denied?

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  7. darasahl

    VIC What happens to an existing parenting plan after interim order being dropped?

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  8. P

    NSW gst & tax related issue with ex being a sole trader & unpaid tax & Gst for 4 years

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  9. R

    NSW Employee being made pay for a failed customer payment

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  10. J

    NSW Falsely accused of being a thief and refused service at Aldi

    Sorry about a long post. I am still seething. I have been falsely accused of being a thief and refused service at Aldi. I did my shopping, which was very quick, as the shop was about to close. When I got to the checkout, the cashier asked to check my bags. I had a small purse and a few paper...