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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The population of 26 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.
Indigenous Australians inhabited the continent for about 65,000 years prior to the first arrival of Dutch explorers in the early 17th century, who named it New Holland. In 1770, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the time of an 1850s gold rush, most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.
Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi). A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east. Its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking, manufacturing, and international education.Australia is a highly developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy. It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power and has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's eighth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 29% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks highly in quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, civil liberties, and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum, and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism.

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  1. Individual-public

    WA Are bank transfers a breach of a VRO in Australia?

    Can bank transfers be made if there is a VRO in place? Specifically a bank transfer that requires a description to be sent.
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    NSW Can a decision by another tribunal or court in Australia be used as evidence at NCAT?

    I received a contrary decision on a particular matter at a tribunal which relied on false and incorrect information. That decision and the reasons for that decision are now partly being used by an applicant in another and completely separate tribunal as their evidence and to support their claim...
  3. J

    how the covid tracing being introduced in western australia will afect the homeless?

    will; the covid tracing being introduced in western australia stop a person of no fixed address from entering any of the items on the covid qr code and tracing mandatory list? i picked this forum to ask this becose of the inqisative minde of a student,, ps thanks heeps, i am the one who has no...
  4. A

    Citizenship for none citizens of Australia (while tourists)?

    Hello All, I was chatting with people and we raised the point about people coming as tourists to Australia, and they have a child in Australia. Will that child be granted Australian citizenship for being born in Australia only and the parents are not Australian citizens or permanent residents...
  5. L

    Australian dual national can not return to Australia without an Australian Passport .

    A) Must Australian citizens, who are dual nationals, use an Australian passport to exit/enter Australia? If so, I would like to know what law and Article it is. B) Isn't it enough to present a valid Foreign Passport AND the Australian Citizenship Certificate? Everywhere I see this "Australians...
  6. M

    separated wife moved overseas leaving house on her name in Australia

    Good day, I have a situation which makes me quite nervous, would really appreciate some advice here . After 20 years of marriage (which took place overseas) my wife with 7 year old son moved back overseas to her home country(European) 2 years ago. Last year I lodged a Separation with...
  7. O

    SA Australian supply & minimum pricing

    Do we have legislation requiring all resources/products produced in Australia to be supplied firstly to the Australian market at the minimum price sold elsewhere?
  8. N

    NSW Can I leave Australia with AVO?

    Ciao, ho davvero bisogno di aiuto per il mio
  9. A

    enquiry about lifestyle of lawyers in Australia and what are all the possibilities available for an International student from India?

    Hi, I am an Indian Citizen and i have just graduated from law school here. ( I did a 5 year integrated law program BALLB). I had applied for my Llm in Australia and had received an offer from an university in Melbourne for the current intake i.e August 2020, but due to COVID 19 and how the...
  10. Z

    Considering moving to Australia from New-York

    I am an American citizen residing in NYC who also holds an Australian Citizenship/passport. I am considering moving to Sydney in the near future and was wondering: A. What is the legal process involved migrating from America to Australia for a dual citizen holder as myself B. What is the...